Summary of task 1.2 - REACH influence

The new regulation replaces several existing Community Directives and Regulations on chemicals and defines new tasks and responsibilities for actors mentioned under REACH with the aim to strengthen protection of health and the environment. REACH is an abbreviation which means: Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals.

According to the REACH regulation Article X, all substances produced or imported in EU above 1 t/y should be registered. This new system should ensure development of more data on the intrinsic properties of substances and also ensure that exposure routes of substances are identified (according to these substances' identified use). All this data will be provided in registration dossier (technical part of dossier and CSR) and the quantity of data will depend on the amount of annually produced/imported chemical substance. Therefore, the principal "no data - no market" will be implemented on EU level.

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On the other hand, information on safe uses, properties, and risk management measures (RMM), routes of exposure down the chemical substance supply chain will be provided by the tool - safety data sheet (SDS) of chemical substance or preparation (mixture). Consequently, all necessary data for the safe use of the chemical substance or preparation will be included in the SDS. According to the new legislation, just few minor changes will be implemented in the format of SDSs (the most relevant for the downstream users, e.g. construction industry, is that exposure scenarios for the substance identified uses need to be presented in annex to SDSs). This means that the general SDS format to provide information on chemicals will be used and needs to be included in the system. As SDSs have to be periodically updated, the date of the last revision of the SDS should be clearly visible.

For the downstream users to check the status of a substance, a useful feature included in the system is the possibility to search for a specific registration number. Also, information on identified uses for the substance/registration number will automatically be presented. One of the main issues to which users of chemicals should be acknowledged is RMM. Each of identified uses should contain information on needed RMM.

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Extracts of information from SDS on classification and labeling of substances should be also available (as the new CLP regulation came into the force it should be noticed that the current C&L has transitional periods for the substances and preparations, so the ChemXchange system should be able to present information on the C&L according to the both systems: previous and new one, consistent with GHS). This information (physico-chemical hazards, hazards to environment and human health, risk and safety phrases) is needed at workplaces to protect workers and environment and should be communicated downstream to employees within each company. The new system will also contain a search function (e.g. by the property/hazard, by the use, by the substance).

According to the REACH regulation, substances of very high concern will be included in the list of substances which requires authorisation prior their use. Also use amd manufacture of some substances can be restricted. This information on need of authorisation or restriction should be pointed out in the system, meaning that if the authorisation for some substance or use of this substance is granted, the number of authorisation should be provided. Furthermore, the substances which do not need authorisation and which are not restricted but have some properties (etc. PBT, vPvB) which could lead to the inclusion of the substance in one of the lists, should be marked in the system.

As the users of chemicals in some cases have long experience of working with these substances and could have some additional (known by the supplier) information on properties and RMM of these chemicals, a possibility to add comments on the relevant substance should be provided within the system.

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